Project Applications

Beijing Olympic Stadium


Beijing, China


National Stadium Co., Ltd.

General Contractor

CITIC International Contracting


Herzog & de Meuron Architekten AG

Engineering Consultant


Construction Period

2003 - 2008

Type of Project


Size of Structure

69m Height (7-story)

Main features used in this application Linear static analysis with truss elements Linear dynamic analysis with response spectrum

Description on this project

Beijing Olympic Stadium is the 2008 Olympic Games' most striking structure, recognized all over the world. The building’s dynamic form and vast scale create a new icon for China and the city of Beijing. The circular shape of the stadium represents 'heaven', while the adjacent square form of the National Aquatics Center (Water Cube), also design-engineered by Arup, is a reflection of the Chinese symbol for Earth. The structural form of the stadium is popularly described as a 'bird’s nest', with its pattern inspired by Chinese-style 'crazed pottery'. Seemingly random, the pattern abides by complex rules for which advanced geometry was defined. To ensure a compact and optimum design, the seating bowl was established first, with the outer façade wrapping around it. The design ensures that all spectators are as close as possible to the action and have clear sight lines. As Beijing is located in one of the world's most active seismic zones, Arup uses advanced seismic analysis to test the stadium under various earthquake conditions and ensure that the structure can withstand major shocks.



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Beijing Olympic Stadium_3







Project Contact Arup
  • Address

    Room 1301, Tower A Center Plaza 161 Linhexi Road Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510620, China

  • Introduction

    Arup is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London which provides engineering, design, planning, project management, and consulting services for all aspects of the built environment. The firm has over 14,000 staffs based in 92 offices across 42 countries and has participated in projects in over 160 countries.

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